The Pasteur Institute (French: Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, microorganisms, diseases and vaccines. It is named after Louis Pasteur, its founder and first director, who had successfully developed the first antirabies serum in 1885. It was founded on June 4, 1887 and inaugurated on November 14, 1888.
For over a century, the Institut Pasteur has been at the forefront of the battle against infectious disease. This worldwide biomedical research organization based in Paris was the first to isolate HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in 1983. Over the years, it has been responsible for breakthrough discoveries that have enabled medical science to control such virulent diseases as diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, influenza, yellow fever and plague. Since 1908, ten Pasteur Institute scientists have been awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine and physiology. Recently, the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was shared between two Pasteur scientists.
Dr. Benno Schwikowski is the head of the Systems Biology laboratory at the Pasteur Institute. Trained as a mathematician and computer scientist, Dr. Schwikowski has published original scientific papers on many different large-scale technologies and the analysis of associated data sets, such as multiple sequence analysis, evolutionary trees, DNA arrays, large-scale protein interaction data, and mass spectrometry. These publications include previous collaboration with Partner 2 (Dr. Zohar Yakhini, Agilent). Dr. Schwikowski’s group also created and develops Cytoscape, a standard platform in the field for integrative data analysis and visualization. One of the current main activities of the group is the development of tools and approaches for the effective analysis and integration of large-scale mass spectrometry data sets.